Persian Cats are one of the most popular domestic cat breeds across the world. Their fluffy long fur, affectionate nature and calm personality make them a popular choice for pet parents. If you are planning to adopt a Persian Cat then you need to know some basic details about their nature, health, temperament, food habit etc. This article is just about that. Read this article carefully to Learn Everything You Need to Know About Persian Cats and become ‘Cat Ready’.


Breed Information-

The origin of Persian Cats are traced back to the deserts of Persia and Iran. According to wikipedia, these cats were first introduced in parts of Europe around the 1600s. Their long silky hair and doll-like facial features became very popular and gradually their population started to spread across the world. Persian Cats are medium to large size cats. The colours of their coat include- White, Black, Orange, Tabby, Grey, Beige etc. Two types of Persian Cats are widely known depending on their facial features- Doll-faced and Punch-faced. The average lifespan of Persian Cats varies between 15-20 years.

Persian Cat

Common Health Concerns-

Some common health problems in Persian Cats include-

1)Eye Infection- Due to higher amounts of eye discharge in Persian Cats, chances of eye infection may be relatively higher.

2) Respiratory Issues-  Due to their flat face and shape of their skull, Persian Cats may be susceptible to respiratory issues like breathing problems, Brachycephalic Airway Obstructive Syndrome (BAOS) etc.

Flat-faced Persian Cat

3)Skin Infections- Though this issue is common in all cats, due to the thick fur of Persian Cats, it may be difficult to diagnose skin issues like Idiopathic Seborrhea.

4) Dental Issues- Persian Cats are known to be Brachycephalic. It means due to the shorter bones of their face and nose, sometimes the alignment of their teeth may be altered. Regular brushing and good dental hygiene is thus very important to keep their teeth and gums clean and germ free.

I understand that you may feel anxious after reading till this point. However, please remember that almost all of these health issues are preventable with good care and hygiene. None of these are life threatening or exclusively impact Persian Cats. It is just that some physical features of these cats make them susceptible to some common health issues, which again, can be the case for human beings, dogs and any other animals or birds as well.

Grooming Requirement-

Persians have relatively more grooming requirements than other cat breeds. They are known as one of the ‘High maintenance’ cat breeds for this reason. To maintain their shiny, fluffy coat, it is important to regularly brush them and keep their coat mat free. In case their coar gets matted, please take help of a professional groomer to fix it and be extra careful about their grooming schedule in future.

Image of Grooming a Persian Cat

Punch-faced Persian Cats are usually prone to more eye discharge and if you don’t clean it regularly, the deposits become crystallized and hard. Then it becomes difficult to clean and it may also cause eye-infections. Make sure to spend adequate time on a daily and weekly basis for taking care of these grooming requirements.



Persian cats are especially known for their affectionate and cuddly nature. They are calm, friendly and playful. They love human companionship but also like a peaceful environment. Their gentle and calm nature makes them a great indoor cat as well as child-friendly. Like all cats, privacy is very important for Persians as well. However, they do not like to be left alone. They may feel stress and anxiety in such situations and it may impact their behaviour as well.

Playful Persian Cat

The Positive Sides of Adopting Persian Cats-

Persian Cats are suitable for indoor living. Their calm and affectionate nature make them ideal companions especially for those with a quieter lifestyle, senior and retired people. Though the nature and behaviour of both cats and dogs depend a lot on various factors including their home environment, level of socialization and the care they receive, Persian cats are usually less destructive and less noisy than other cat breeds.

Lastly, please note that just like human beings have different personality traits and habits, cats are also different individuals. They may have some similarities and dissimilarities depending on their breed, age, food habit etc. Before you adopt a cat it is important to be aware of some basic information about them. So that you know what to expect from them and also what are the commitments you need to make as a pet parent.

Every cat is precious irrespective of their breed, colour of coat or age. Make sure that you do not discriminate against them based on any of their physical attributes. Yes, you have the right to know everything about a pet you are about to adopt. This will not only make you a responsible pet parent but also set the right tone for the companionship of a lifetime.

Happy Pawrenting!